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Notes and Definitions×


  1. Charts reflect the composition of BHP Billiton’s sales in FY19 in Copper Equivalent Units (CEUs).
  2. Copper Equivalent Unit is a volumetric measure estimated using the ratio of the average realised price for our products relative to copper.
  3. The end-use sector composition is indicative only, assuming our products are allocated to the typical sector share of commodities consumption in the regions they are sold.
  4. Oil commodity category includes crude oil, condensate and natural gas liquids.
  5. Other commodity category mainly includes uranium, lead and zinc.
  6. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.



Building materials and fixtures used for construction and refurbishment of residential buildings, structures, commercial buildings, and infrastructure such as roads and bridges; excluding air-conditioning and heating equipment.

Consumer durables

Consumer electronics, household appliances such as refrigerators, televisions and washing machines, as well as personal and industrial air-conditioning equipment.


Industrial chemicals, fuels, plastic, cement and pharmaceutical products.


Industrial machinery and factory equipment, such as machine tools, lathes, presses and assembly line equipment. Also includes construction machinery, pollution control equipment, castings, pressings, welded shapes, structural steelwork, compressors, pumps, bearings, elevators, escalators and industrial electrical systems.


Fuel used to produce electricity (coal, petroleum, uranium) as well as the metal used in power generating equipment and electrical infrastructure, including transmission and distribution. Also including copper used in telecommunication infrastructures and fixed assets for transport infrastructure such as electrified rail.


Fuel and metals used to power vehicles, machinery, ships and aircraft.


A broad category, mainly includes residential and commercial heating, packaging as well as agriculture.